by Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Cincinnati, OH .
Written in English
|Contributions||United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office (Cincinnati, Ohio)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||x, 96, 18 p. :|
|Number of Pages||96|
Preliminary Risk Assessment for Parasites in Municipal Sewage Sludge Applied to Land. EPA//6–91/ Office of Research and Development, U.S. . This report is one of a series whose purpose is to use the methodology described in Pathogen Risk Assessment for Land Application of Municipal Sludge to develop preliminary assessments of risk to human health posed by parasites, bacteria and viruses in municipal sewage sludge applied to land as fertilizer or soil conditioner. The major purposes of this preliminary risk assessment are (1) to evaluate the risk sludge pathogens pose to a human receptor, using available literature data to satisfy the parameters needed by the model for simulating sludge landfilling and (2) to identify areas that need further research in order to % produce meaningful health risk assessments. EPA has established microbial quality criteria for sewage sludge that is to be applied to land in the Part Sludge Rule (EPA, ). As with reclaimed water, the microbiological standards for sludge in the Part Sludge Rule (discussed in more detail in Chapter 7) are also set primarily on the basis of experience, and expected efficiency.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Preliminary Risk Assessment for Parasites in Municipal Sewage Sludge Applied to Land. US EPA Pub. No. //, Cincinnati, OH (). Google ScholarAuthor: Nazih K. Shammas, Lawrence K. Wang. Different issues needed to achieve a sustainable sludge management in developing nations are analysed. Preliminary risk assessment for parasites in municipal sewage sludge applied to land. Jackson, G.L., J.W. Bier and R.A. Rude. Recycling of Refuse into the Food Chain: The Parasite Problem. In: Proceedings of the Conference on Risk Assessment and Health Effects of Land Application of Municipal Wastewater and Sludges. B. P. Sagik and C.A. Sorber, eds. Center for Applied Research and Technology, Univ. of Texas at San Antonio, TX, Author: R. S. Reimers, D. B. Leftwich, A. J. Englande, M. D. Little, D. D. Bowman, R. F. Wilkinson. The quality of sewage sludge depends on many factors and the final disposal is also very diverse. This chapter provides characterization of possible dehydration, stabilization, hygienization, and final disposal of municipal sewage sludge, including indication of barriers in the use of specific technologies and providing common reuse : Anna Grobelak, Karolina Czerwińska, Aneta Murtaś.
A risk assessment of emerging pathogens of concern in the land application of biosolids Article in Water Science & Technology 46(10) February with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Land Application of Municipal Sludge by Norman E. Kowal Toxicology and Microbiology Division Health Effects Research Laboratory Cincinnati, OH HEAL TH EFFECTS RESEARCH LA BORA TORY OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, NC The final waste may be pressed into pellets or cake and sold/given away to farmers or gardeners. In the United States, these are called bio-solids. Some sludge may be incinerated, applied directly to agricultural land, or go to landfill. DISCHARGES. The planned discharge of sewage to receiving waters is regulated in most countries. Land Treatment of Sludge and Sludge Products. A State Permit is required for land application of sludge from water or wastewater treatment plants. The completed application will be submitted to the Department for technical review. A site inspection and preliminary concurrence by the Department is part of the evaluation process.